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The Slaying of the Passover Lamb
(Is the Bible day sunset to sunset,
midnight to midnight
or noon to noon?)

Exodus 12:6-9 and the Passover Lamb

6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike [it] on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; [and] with bitter [herbs] they shall eat it.
9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast [with] fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

Deuteronomy 16:5-7 Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee:
6 But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
7 And thou shalt roast and eat [it] in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.

   In Exodus 12:6 Israel was told to slay the Passover lamb "in the evening". Deuteronomy 16:6 reads, "...thou shalt sacrifice the Passover at even, at the going down of the sun,..."

   We all know that the Passover lamb represented Jesus Christ. We also know that Christ died on the cross about 3:00 P.M.. That's about three hours before sunset. 3:P.M. is not what we commonly call sunset!

   Most have read Exodus 12:6 and Deuteronomy 16:6 and thought that the Passover lamb was slain at sunset. Others have noticed that Deuteronomy 16 requires the death of the Passover lamb between noon and sunset but before sunset. (Christ died between noon and sunset but before sunset.) This has been a point of much controversy because, if you believe that days start and end at sunset, and if the lamb is slain before sunset then the lamb was slain on the thirteenth rather than on the fourteenth as required.

   Some have solved this problem by believing that the lamb was slain at sunset. But the real lamb, Jesus Christ was not slain sunset but several hours earlier.

   Here are the problems with a sunset to sunset day.


1. The lamb is to be slain in the 14th at the going down of the sun. (Deuteronomy 16:6) and in the evening (Exodus 12:6)

2. The lamb was to be roasted. How long does it take to roast a lamb? If the sun sets at about 6:00 P.M. then could it be roasted in time for a Passover meal about 7-8:00 P.M.?  NO! Because, it takes several hours to kill and roast a lamb. Ask your wife, "How long does it take to roast a thanksgiving turkey?" And a turkey is smaller than a lamb.

3. If Christ died before the sunset and the Passover meal was after sunset then these events were on different days. (Sunset dividing one day from the other.) But if Christ is our Passover lamb, he had to be slain on the 14th not the 13th.
Now that is the situation with a Lunar Calendar. Let's see if a Solar Calendar fits better.

  With Solar reckoning applied to Exodus 12:6 and Deuteronomy 16:6, Exodus 12:6 shows that Israel was to slay the Passover lamb "in the evening" (P.M.)

P.M. = After High Noon and before Midnight.
A.M. = After Midnight and before High Noon.

Deuteronomy 16:6 reads, "...thou shalt sacrifice the Passover at even (P.M.), at the going down of tile sun,..." The sun is at its highest at high noon. The sun is overhead. It starts to go down at noon and continues to go down, not just to sunset, but at midnight it is 'under your feet' as opposed to being overhead at noon.

   Going down of the sun = The sun is at it's highest at noon. Overhead. Then it starts going down. It is at its lowest at Midnight. Under your feet on the other side of the earth. Ths sun goes down from noon till midnight. At midnight it starts rising.

   Sunset = When the sun drops below the horizon.

   Sunrise = When the sun appears at the horizon.

At Sunset the sun is half way down and at sunset halfway up.

   So, therefore, with noon-noon reckoning,  if the Passover lamb is to be slain on the 14th of the month and the 14th begins at high noon then the Passover lamb could die about 3 P.M. just as Jesus Christ died about 3:P.M.

  And there would be much more time to roast the lamb before the Passover meal. Not 1-2 hours as in Sunset to sunset reckoning, but 4-5 hours with noon to noon reckoning.

So your decision:

Question 7a: Which best fits the death of Jesus Christ, the verses in Exodus 12 and Deuteronomy 16 about the sacrificing of the Passover lamb?

[  ] 1-2 hours roasting time - The Lunar Calendar with a sunset to sunset day. 
[  ] 4-5 hours roasting time - The Solar Calendar with a noon to noon day.

Question 7b: The lamb's death, Christ death and the Passover meal all on the same day (Solar) or The lamb and Christ dying of the 13th and the Passover meal on the 14th?

[  ] Solar - The lamb's death, Christ death (after high noon) and the Passover meal (that evening) all on the same day

[  ] Lunar - The lamb and Christ dying of the 13th and the Passover meal (after sunset) on the 14th.

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